INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHOR
The IJCRBS strives for innovation and excellence by encouraging publication of original research articles, review articles and short communication. We look forward to receiving your manuscripts in the multidisciplinary facet of the biological sciences. Papers for Publication will be accepted only on the advice of the members of the advisory board. The editorial board requests all the interested authors to submit manuscripts in a required format (see below for the instructions to author) to avoid longer processing time and with due suggestions from peer reviewing committee your article will be published in the next forthcoming issue.
Original Research Articles:
The length of paper should be 08-15 pages. The paper should be original in nature, research findings and working relates to the research work to be given in detail to verify the work by others.
The Short communication is suitable for new models, innovative methods and techniques. The length of the communication should be 2 to 4 pages.
Review can be made by authors in the current topics and intensive areas. It must be 4 to 6 pages. Reviewarticles will also be subjected to peer-review.
General instructions for Authors
Manuscripts should be neatly typed, single-spaced throughout, including tables, graphs, figures. Manuscript should be on A4 size with at least 1.5 cm margins on all sides. Page numbers should be given accordingly. Prepare the manuscript in Times New Roman font using a font size of 12. Title shall be in a font size 14, bold face capitals. All Headings in the manuscript shall be in font size 12, bold face capitals. Subheading in each section shall be in font size 12, bold face sentence case. Standard International Units could be used throughout the text.
Manuscripts should be arranged into the following sections:
- 1. Title page
- 2. Abstract and Key words
- 3. Introduction
- 4. Materials and Methods
- 5. Results and Discussion
- 6. Tables
- 7. Figures
- 8. Acknowledgement
- 9. References
Essential title page information
The title should be concise and informative.Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid using abbreviations and formulae where ever possible.
Author names and affiliations
Please indicate the name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Clearly indicate the author name who will be handlingthe correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and therafter.
A concise and factual abstract is required of not more than 250 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords and avoid usage of general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Materials and Methods
Materials and methods do not refer to common place statistical test. It must be enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. If any previous published research work can also be cited and notification should be mentioning clearly. Subheadings should be used.
Results and Discussion
Results of research articles or manuscripts should be presented with clarity and should be precise. Previous publisher’s findings should be written in present tense. Results should be explained. Discussion and interpretation should be included in the results.
Acknowledgements should be mentioned in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise.
References should be used to cite relevant published work. In the text refer to the author's name (without initial) and year of publication. If reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors the name of the first author should be used followed by "et al.,". Use the Harvard (name and date) short reference system for citations in the text with a detailed alphabetical list at the end of the paper.
For example “As observed by Sekar (2014)…” or “Prajeesh (2010) suggests...” or “Pramod and Yogesh (2010) found that ...” or “A study (Yoganand and Bhakyaraj, 2009) has shown that ...” or “Sastry et al., (1982) reported that…” or “… has been reported (Sekar et al., 2002; Yogesh, 2004; Chanthuru et al., 2012; Pramod, 2014).” or “The observations of the current study is falling in line with the study conducted by Prescott and Kuby (2004)”. Citing two or more publications by the same author(s) in the same year in an article is to be given as: “Vimalkumar (2014a, b) investigated the utilization of medicinal plants…”; Footnotes should be avoided. References should be made only to works that are published, accepted for publication (not merely 'submitted'), or available through libraries or institutions. Any other source should be qualified by a note regarding availability. Full reference should include all authors' names and initials, date of publication, title of paper, title of publication, volume and issue number (of a journal), publisher and form (books, conference proceedings), page numbers.
All references cited in the text should be listed following the text of the manuscript. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of author's names and dates are exactly the same in the text as in the reference list. Use the following system for arranging your references:
Articles in Journals
Leurs, R., M. K. Church, M. Taglialatela. 2002. Antihistamines: inverse agonism, anti-inflammatory actions and cardiac effects. Clin Exp Allergy., 32(4):489-98.
Rang, H.P, M. M. Dale, J. M. Ritter, P. K. Moore. 2003. Pharmacology. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; p896.
Editor(s), compiler(s) as author:
Beers, M. H, R. S. Porter, T. V. Jones, J. L. Kaplan, M. Berkwits,Editors. 2006. The Merck Manual of diagnosis and therapy. 18th ed. Whitehouse station (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories.
Chapter in a book:
Glennon, R. A, M. Dukat M. 2002.Serotonin receptors and drugs affecting serotonergic neurotransmission. In: Williams DA, Lemke TL, editors. Foye's principles of medicinal chemistry. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Willkins.
Electronic Sources as reference
- • Abood, S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm
- • Foley, K. M, and H. Gelband, Editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Availablefrom:http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.
- • Drug-interactions.com [homepage on the Internet]. Indianapolis: Indiana University Department of Medicine; 2003 [updated 17 May 2006; cited 30 May 2006]. Available from: http://medicine.iupui.edu/flockhart/
Journal article on the Internet
Monograph on the Internet
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Tables should be used wherever necessary and should have rows and columns to correlate the variables. Tables should be as compact as possible. The table should be double spaced and separated from the text. The font can be of same size used in the text of the manuscript. The table should be numbered in Roman numeral followed by the title. The title should be one-line title in bold text with font size 12. Abbreviations can be used if needed and abbreviations that are used only in a table should be defined in the footnotes to that table and should be designated with superscript/subscript letters. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
Figures should be used wherever necessary. The figures can be of GIF/TIFF/JPEG/PDF. Unnecessary figures should be avoided. The title should be one-line title in bold text with font size 12. Abbreviations can be used if needed and abbreviations that are used only in the figures should be defined in the footnotes to that figure. All figures should be numbered in roman numerals and should be cited in the text accordingly.
Proofs and Reprints
Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Because the IJCRBS will be published freely online to attract a wide audience, authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.
Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
- • E-mail address
- • Full postal address
- • Telephone
All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
- • Keywords
- • All figure captions
- • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
- • Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
- • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
Short Communications are limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. They should present a complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short Communications with the following differences:
- (1) Abstracts are limited to 100 words.
- (2 Instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes.
- (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.
Submission of manuscript
All manuscripts should be submitted either via online submission system or via e-mail to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org as an attachment for quick evaluation.
Processing fees for publication
Accepted articles will be published online for free open access for all to view. Open access publishing provides the maximum dissemination of the article to the largest audience. Authors must pay for this service. Corresponding authors will be asked to pay their publication charges as open access fee (given below) per published article which allows indefinite free-to-view online publication with International Journal of Comprehensive Research in Biological Sciences.
- International Authors: 60 USD (excluding sender's charges)
- Indian Authors:1500 INR (excluding transaction charges)